Choosing a surface for oil painting
Artists have been using canvas for more than three hundred years so, as a surface, it comes highly recommended. The weave of the cloth combined with the spring of the stretched material make it excellent for oil painting. Canvas is often made from linen or cotton. Although linen is difficult to prime and stretch properly, it offers the smoothest and stiffest painting surface; it lasts many years, and is still regarded as the gold standard by classically trained artists. Cotton, on the other hand, is more affordable than linen and is easier to stretch. Take a look at our Tip & Technique on ‘Understanding the difference between Canvas and Linen’.
For those painting outdoors, canvas boards have always been a popular choice, taking up less room than stretched canvases and are less easily damaged. Winsor & Newton canvas boards are made from substantial board and high quality cloth, making them superior in quality to coated sketching boards. Boards can also be cheaper to frame than canvases.
No matter what you may have heard, it is perfectly possible to use paper for sketching in oil. Professionals like it for its texture and drag. However it is worth investing in good quality, heavy water colour paper that has been thinly primed with an acrylic gesso primer.
Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF) and Priming
If you enjoy preparing your own materials then using MDF could be the way to go. MDF is created from wooden fibres which have been compressed with adhesive under high pressure. It is affordable, which may in turn make you paint even more, and easily found in most DIY stores. A word on safety: wear a mask if you intend cutting MDF as the dust can be harmful if you breathe it in.
Remember to prime the MDF before painting. Primers control the texture, absorbency and colour of your surface. Winsor and Newton offer a selection of acrylic and oil painting primers, and both can be used under oil painting. To find out more, read our Tips & Techniques about Priming Canvas.
If you get the surface right you are well on the way to creating something special. Getting it wrong can cause frustration and delay. Winsor & Newton primers and ready-made surfaces will give you great results by controlling texture, absorbency and colour.